closed captioning 

In North America the [CC] symbol stands for closed captioning. This is the television broadcast standard used to distribute captions for the deaf and hearing-impaired, in a way that allows the viewer to turn their display on or off. Unfortunately, outside of North America there is no universal international symbol.

  Descriptive Video Service 

Descriptions make television programs, feature films, home videos, and other visual media accessible to people who are blind or visually impaired by providing descriptive narration of key visual elements in programs. We describe key visual elements in a program that a viewer who is visually impaired would ordinarily miss. Actions, costumes, gestures and scene changes are just a few of the elements that, when described, engage the blind or visually impaired viewer with the story.

Standard output formats for web content



Caption Information from



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David J. Hark
P. O. Box 201 Shepherdstown, WV 25443-0201

Last updated: 20 April 2010


© 2008, 2009, 2010 David J. Hark